Terrorism and nigerian foreign policy international. However, the governments strategy to counter the threat appears ineffective. The available literature on the issue of terrorism with the economy in the northern and southern regions of nigeria is. What seems to be terrorism in nigeria today is boko haram31. Nigeria now third most terrorized country in the world. Moral, values and religious education as panaceas dr. Latest travel advice for nigeria including safety and security, entry requirements. Growth and fiscal consequences of terrorism in nigeria 1. Terrorism has grown exponentially in the african continent, not only in terms of the number of attacks but also the number of countries affected. It can be said that terrorism sets out as a means of all spheres influence, in particular, daily life of common citizens of nigeria towns. This article interrogates the origin, causes and implications of these terrorist acts especially those of the boko haram bombing campaign on nigeria s quest to achieve nation building and national. This can, in turn, increase the risk of further hostagetaking. Boko haram, niger delta militants, the movement of the sovereign states of biafra massob terrorists acts in nigeria has brought about negative reactions from.
These developments have lent credence to the view that it is on a mission to eradicate western cultural influence in nigeria. But since 2015, the country has consistently retained the third position among countries ravaged by terrorism globally, coming behind. Niger is on the front lines of the war against terrorism. The hemorrhagic acts of the boko haram and niger delta militants in nigeria warrants an exhaustive discourse on terrorism and counter terrorism in nigeria. Origin of terrorism in nigeria channels television. The fight against international terrorism demands multilevel cooperation between nations with vast experience in counterterrorism. He is the cofounder, along with magnafaith krimi, of the news site war. Douglas burton is a former official of the department of state and writes on terrorism in nigeria and the middle east. This article reveals flaws in the responses adopted by the government, noting that the counterterrorism efforts of the government of nigeria were mainly militarycentric and not guided by a documented. Acts of terrorism have increased over the years since september 11. Nigeria has been ranked third of the 162 countries of the world that have been worst hit by terrorist attacks, according to the 2015 global terrorism index. Report from the global terrorism index, that measures the impact of.
Pdf domestic terrorism and its impacts on nigerian state. Legal framework for the prevention of terrorism in nigeria. Background of the study terrorism is defined as calculated, politically motivated violence perpetrated against noncombatant targets by subnational groups or clandestine agents, usually intended to influence an audience. There had been other terrorist groups that existed before boko haram as has earlier been pointed out and some of which still exist but seem to have been silenced by the deafening uproar of the boko haram recent insurgency. Contemporary challenges in nigeria, africa the world. It chronicles the origin of terrorism in nigeria and some parts of the world proffered solutions on how to reduce the activities of terrorists to the barest minimum. Terrorism is a sociopolitical disorder that has grown to the detriment of the international security system and global economy. Impact of terrorism on nigerias economy project topics. Boko haram, six years after it declared war on the nigerian state, has extended its operation to the neighboring countries of cameroun and chad and ranks as the worlds deadliest terrorist organization. Boko haram, is a terrorist organization in nigeria, with its stronghold in the northeastern states of borno, yobe, and adamawa nigeria. Terrorism became rampant in nigeria in the late 90s and further culminating in todays epidemic proportion. The threat from boko haram and ansaru the henry jackson society 4 about the authors olivier guitta is the director of research at the henry jackson society, responsible for setting the strategic agenda for the research department and overseeing the societys academic focus, as well as conducting his. Marshall european centre for security studies, garmischpartenkirchen, germany,14 march 2014.
Understanding the emerging trends aderonke, majekodunmi department of political science, faculty of social science university of lagos, akoka, lagos, nigeria email. This paper argues that countering terrorism in nigeria involves understanding the nexus of extremism and criminality in. This research work attempts to explore the impact of ongoing terrorism and violence on the economies of the aforementioned regions in nigeria. Insurgency means an organized armed struggle by a group aimed at weakening the authority of. This is against the backdrop of the rising spate of violent attacks. A summary of the legislation on cybercrime in nigeria. Rise of terrorism in africa manohar parrikar institute. Daily life receives the most major shock due to the huge numbers of dead people and injured ones. The rise of terrorism in nigeria owing to the rise of islamic fundamentalism in northern nigeria has greatly washed out the countrys foreign policy drive.
The boko haram insurgency has the nigerian government gasping for solutions. There is an arc of instability spreading across africa, from nigeria in the west to somalia in the east. In 2014, nigeria ranked fourth in the global terrorism index. Pdf a historical overview of domestic terrorism in nigeria. Since the onset of the ongoing insurgency in the northeastern part of nigeria, spearheaded by the fundamentalist islamist sect, boko haram western education is sin, against the nigerian state, the nigerian government, through the instrumentality of its security establishment, in tandem with contributions from other local and international stakeholders, have applied plethora of. Federal university lafia, nigeria abstract this paper explores the humanitarian impact of terrorism in nigeria from the standpoint of boko haram insurgency. There is urgent need to address the issue perhaps through the employment of mass media. The paper is structured into six sections, starting with this introductory part. Growth and fiscal consequences of terrorism in nigeria. Groups, activities, and politics adeyemi bukola oyeniyi abstract while global attention is focused on embassy bombing, aircraft hijacking and 911 terroristsattack kind of terrorism, equally devastating terrorist activities with equally devastating. The spectre of terrorism and nigerian development by. The emergence of terrorism in nigeria owing to the rise of islamic fundamentalism in northern part of nigeria has greatly undermined and weakened the countrys foreign policy drive.
Isip 2017, growth and fiscal consequences of terrorism in nigeria, working paper series n 284, african development bank, abidjan, cote divoire. Recall that the giant of africa has retained this shocking position since 2015. It is a sign that formal authority is ineffectual and that checks and balances in governance are not working since. Types of terrorism in nigeria and causes information. Having understood the concise pedigree of terrorism globally and in nigeria, we shall now forge ahead with the manning of suicidebombing with that of terrorism. Top 6 effectsimpacts of terrorism in nigeria research cyber. Violence related terrorism is becoming rife in different forms in nigeria today. It outlines how, in these areas, the oecd can help the international community respond to the threat caused by terrorism and identifies potential further work by the oecd.
Today, terrorism in nigeria like some other parts of africa has now become a front burner issue to social scientists, media and even to the circles of nigeria government and politics. The use of terrorism for political reason is a serious threat to international peace and security. Impact of terrorism on nigerias economy chapter one introduction background of the study. Pages in category terrorism in nigeria the following 2 pages are in this category, out of 2 total. This could be traced to year 2009 when violence erupted in some northern states led by the dreaded islamic sect boko haram a hausa term for western education. Jacob omede andrew abdul omede department of educational psychology, kogi state college of education, p. Department of states antiterrorism assistance program to bolster the capacity of nigerias law enforcement agencies also should be expanded and sustained udounwa, 20. The activitiesboko haram in nigeria have led to negative reactions from groups and nations that have been affected by its activities in the country thereby leading to deterioration of. The threat from boko haram and ansaru the henry jackson society 8 once charged for his links to boko haram, the military are now doing their best to regain the trust of civilians, although the success of this will remain to be seen. Niger is on the front lines of the war against terrorism by j. The number one terrorists in nigeria are the fulanis. They have been actively involved in counterterrorism, and several measures have been taken to combat insurgency, most especially in recent years with the threat of the boko haram. Project muse islamist terrorism and state failure in. A closer look at terrorism will reveal from its definition that it reflects a breakdown in law and order in society.
The vast majority of lives lost to terrorism in 2014 78 percent took place in the five countries where most terrorism activity occurred. The incessant insurgency of the sect has claimed the lives of many nigerians, civilians, security officials as well. Terrorism in nigeria revisiting nigerias socio political approach to counterterrorism and counterinsurgency, by major andrew ponfa wuyep, 1 pages. This brochure looks at how corruption and the criminal exploitation of natural resources facilitate terrorism.
The militant sect which wants to see the creation of a pure islamic state governed by sharia law, has till date claimed the lives of three to ten thousand people in calculated bombings, targeted assassinations, and arbitrary shootings in north and north eastern nigeria. Due to terrorism, insecurity and other factors in nigeria, the capacity of the manufacturing sector to absorb youths into its workforce has been crippled by the incessant decline in the sector, thereby further increasing the number of. What is the impact of terrorism on nigerian foreign policy. The federal government of nigeria has, in the battle against terrorism, not sat with arms folded, allowing the threat to continuously eat deep into the nations core. By all accounts, the wealthy and teeming nation of nigeria is one of the. To beat terrorism in nigeria, change the narrative. As outlined below, the imperativeness of cyber legislation in nigeria could be viewed from the following perspectives. Terrorism according to lodge is an illegitimate means of attempting to effect political change by the indiscriminate use of violence lodge 1988. Seeing nigeria as a terrorist state to be watched could be said to be a continuation of double standard of the eurocentric dominated international system. Also, as a result of some violent attacks by the nigeria delta militants in the oil producing regions in nigeria against the oil pipelines, the oil production in nigeria has drastically fallen from about 2.
From criminal politics to full blown terrorism in nigeria. Effects of terrorism on the international business in nigeria. The basic cause of terrorism in nigeria is intermittent capitalism, sani himself, says that he believes that the capitalist protocol is because of the togetherness that is in action today, then nigeria as a country carry out duties on a system that is untruthful and unpleasing to the people of the society and humanitarian figures generally. The federal bureau of investigation fbi also defines terrorism as the unlawful use of force or viole. A multivariate cointegration analysis will be carried out to determine the relationship between economic conditions and terrorism in nigeria. They killed off all the hausa rulers and chiefs and islamized them. The paper will assist the government in tackling and reducing, if not stopping terrorism in nigeria. Terrorism is currently nigerias greatest security challenge. Prevention of terrorism in nigeria is, undoubtedly, one of utmost importance to the peace, security and stability of this country and the global community at large. The estimated number of deaths from terrorism worldwide rose from 3,329 in 2000 to 32,685 in 2014, according to a november 2015 analysis by the institute for economics and peace. A historical perspective akubor emmanuel chapter six foreign policy and nigerians in diaspora. Relevant laws on terrorism prevention in nigerian dnl. Again, nigeria retains third position in global terrorism. Can nigerias antiterrorism law address the boko haram.145 964 807 1550 1500 1191 242 1055 863 423 196 334 1403 737 198 31 706 1153 414 365 414 200 1246 71 282 1248 638 599 660 115 1145 691 400 455 985 1364 999 1112 4 1058 1178 1280 816